Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Everyone is at risk for a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) especially young children and older adults. Brain Injury can manifest in a number of different degrees of severity with different symptoms. TBI can be a result of a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Brain injury can also occur at birth due to low oxygen levels during a long labor and can occur as a result of near drowning.
Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI is a serious public health problem in the United States. Each year, traumatic brain injuries contribute to a substantial number of deaths and cases of permanent disability. In 2010, 2.5 million TBI’s occurred either as an isolated injury or along with other injuries. National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), 2010 as reported by the CDC Symptoms of TBI can include, headaches, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to noise, balance problems, fatigue, difficulty thinking and/or concentrating, irritability, sadness, anxiety, sleeping more or less than usual and short term memory loss. Some of these symptoms may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury, or until a person starts resuming their everyday life and more demands are placed on them.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) can help:
Treatment with HBOT
Hyperbaric therapy is a method used to treat traumatic brain injuries. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is the administration of pure oxygen (100%) at pressures greater than atmospheric pressure, i.e. more than 1 atmosphere absolute (ATA), for therapeutic healing. HBOT is administered by placing the patient in a multi-place or in a mono-place (one man) chamber typically pressurized to 1.5–2.0 ATA for a period of 60 minutes 3-5 days a week. [Boussi-Gross 2013 Nov 15]
Patients who receive HBO to treat their TBI commonly report improvement with sleep, memory, concentration, executive function and quality of life. They also report a reduction or elimination of headaches, nightmares, concussion symptoms, depression and anxiety.
Traumatic Brain Injury Statistics
Among Veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability, labeled “The signature wound of the war on terror. [Paul Harch, M.D. New Orleans, LA November 08, 2012]
TBI Deaths climbed slowly from a rate of 521.0 per 100,000 in 2001 to 615.7 per 100,000 in 2005. The rates spikedsharply in 2008 and continued to climb through 2010 to a rate of 823.7 per 100,000. [National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey as reported by the Centers for Disease Control, 2010]
For years the National Football League (NFL) denied the link between Football and TBI injuries due to concussions received on the field. Now, in court documents the NFL has stated one in three players will suffer from brain trauma.[ Ken Belson, New York Times, Sept, 2014]
An estimated 1.6 million to 3.8 million sports related TBI’s occur each year. [Brain Trauma Foundation 2014]
Motor Vehicle accidents were the third overall leading cause of TBI in 2010. [National Center for Injury and Prevention]